Strathcona was a city in Alberta, Canada, located on the southside of the North Saskatchewan River across the river from Edmonton.Strathcona's recorded history began in the 1870s. Its first residents were an off-shoot of the hangers-on and self-employed contractors who resided near the old Fort Edmonton on the north side of the river. This mixed community of British (especially Orkney), Québécois, Cree and Metis fur trade employees, pioneer farmers, hunters, and their families, was mostly replaced by eastern Canadian pioneer farmers (and land speculators) in the 1880s.
The City of Strathcona was annexed by the City of Edmonton on February 1, 1912. The population of Strathcona was 5,579 at the time of the annexation.Today, a part of the former City of Strathcona around Whyte Avenue is known as Old Strathcona, a provincially-recognized heritage district. The former City of Strathcona took in an area larger than today's Old Strathcona. It included land that was merely annexed and was not fully built on until after amalgamation, and sometimes not until after WW II.Today's neighbourhood of Strathcona covers most of the territory of the old City of Strathcona east of 107 Street between Whyte Avenue and the river.