Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta and is the province's second-largest city. Edmonton is located on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Capital Region, which is surrounded by the central region of the province.The majority of Edmonton's metropolitan population lives within the City of Edmonton rather than in the surrounding suburban municipalities. Historically Edmonton was surrounded by few other urban municipalities (Strathcona, Beverly and Jasper Place, being the largest) and these were absorbed through amalgamation or annexation.
Edmonton annexed a significant amount of land up until the early 1980s, and as such it has sustained much of the region's suburban growth within its own boundaries.Edmonton serves as the northern anchor of the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor and is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories.
Edmonton is a cultural, governmental and educational centre. It plays host to a year-round slate of World-class festivals, earning it the title of "The Festival City." It is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall (the world's largest mall from 1981 until 2004),and Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum.In 2004, Edmonton celebrated the centennial of its incorporation as a city.