With one of the best economic records within Asia, Cambodia presently is seeing rapid progress with a surging economy. Formerly known as Kampuchea, Cambodia is located on the southern region of the Indochina Peninsula within the Southeast Asia. Bordered by Thailand on the northwestern region, Cambodia is having Laos on the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. World famous for the Angkor Temples located here, the basic Cambodian culture includes the lowland ethnic majority along with 20 culturally distinct hill tribes known here as the Khmer Loeu. This 65th most populous country in the world is officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, and is predominantly composed of the Theravada Buddhist population. Home to 212 species of mammals, 536 bird species, 240 reptilians, 850 freshwater fish species and over 435 species of marine fishes, Cambodian climate is dominated by monsoons which enable sustain this large variety of plants and animals within its biosphere.