Kakanj is an industrial town and a municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located north of Visoko and southeast of Zenica. It was built along the slopes of wide hills on either side of the Zgošća river. It is administratively part of the Zenica-Doboj Canton of the Federation. In the census of 1991, the city of Kakanj itself had 12,016 inhabitants. In 2005, estimates of population of the municipality included 88% Bosniaks and 11% Croats. Neolithic artifacts have been found in Obre, a nearby village.