Limbourg is a medieval town located in the province of Liège, Wallonia, Belgium. The total area is 24.63 square kilometers which gives a population density of 231 inhabitants per square kilometers. The present municipality Limbourg was formed in 1977 by the merger of the old municipalities Limbourg, Bilstain and Goe.
Limbourg is located on top of a hill which in its turn is surrounded by the river Vesdre. This was a strong military advantage in the Middle Ages and allowed the city to defend itself against foreign invaders. In the Middle Ages, the ruling family came to have the rank of Duke and so the town was the seat of the Duchy of Limburg, which was a part of the Lower Lorraine region of the Holy Roman Empire.