The Coral Sea Islands Territory includes a group of small and mostly uninhabited tropical islands and reefs in the Coral Sea, northeast of Queensland
. The only inhabited island is Willis Island
. The territory covers 780,000 km2, extending east and south from the outer edge of the Great Barrier Reef
, and including Heralds Beacon Island, Osprey Reef, the Willis Group, and fifteen other reef/island groups.
The two latter reefs are much closer to Lord Howe Island
, New South Wales
(about 150 km) than to the southernmost island of the rest of the territory, Cato Island. The islands, cays and reefs of the Great Barrier Reef are not part of the territory, belonging to Queensland instead. The outer edge of the Great Barrier Reef is the boundary between Queensland and the Coral Sea Islands Territory.